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Thousands of young people committing child sex abuse

Over 5,000 offences of under-18s committing child sexual abuse were reported to the police in the last three years*

4 March 2013

The true figure will be even higher as not all forces in England and Wales were able to provide relevant data when responding to a Freedom of Information request.

From the 34 that did supply information a total of 5,028 offences were recorded where the perpetrator was under 18, with some as young as five or six. The alleged crimes included rape and other serious sexual assaults which were reported between 2009/10 and 2011/12. 

Nearly all - 98% - of the 4,562 offenders were boys. And where the relationship was recorded at least three out of five of the victims knew the abuser. More than one-third of the offences were said to have been committed by a family friend or acquaintance and one in five by family members.

These findings follow a report** by probation inspectors last month (February 2013) which found that police, social workers and teachers were missing the warning signs that a child may sexually offend.

The NSPCC, which provides treatment to help reform
children as young as five who exhibit signs of harmful sexual behaviour, is warning that easy access to indecent material could be leading to an increase in the number of children needing help.***

Claire Lilley, policy advisor at the NSPCC, said:
"We hope our findings will ring alarm bells with the authorities that this is a problem which needs urgent attention.

"In some cases older children are attacking younger ones and in other cases it's sexual violence within a teenage relationship. While more research needs to be done on this problem, we know that technology and easy access to sexual material is warping young people's views of what is 'normal' or acceptable behaviour.

"We are treating an increasing number of children who have carried out online grooming, harassment in chatrooms and 'sexting'.

"Children who are sexually abusive have often been victims of abuse, harm and trauma themselves. Exposure to this can make them think abusing someone or being sexually violent is ok.

"But evidence shows that most young people who receive behaviour changing treatment early on, such as that offered by the NSPCC, will not continue to sexually abuse others or grow into adult offenders. If we are to tackle this growing problem and protect young victims, more needs to be done to identify and treat children at risk of sexually offending. And we must do more to shield young people from an increasingly sexualised society."

Any adult worried about a child or in need of help and advice can contact the NSPCC's helpline on 0808 800 5000. Children and young people can contact ChildLine on 0800 1111.


Notes to Editors
* According to statistics obtained by the NSPCC. Freedom of Information data received from 34 of 43 police forces across England and Wales, nine forces were unable to report the correct data needed.

Some forces gave details of all reported crimes but others only gave 'disposals' (numbers of crimes where an offender had been cautioned or charged). For this reason, and due to population differences, area comparisons are not advised. Full data available on request.

Relationship of perpetrator to victim where recorded (2011/12):

  • 18 % family member (347)
  • 40% family friend/acquaintance (782)
  • 3% partner (69)
  • 14% stranger (286)
  • 25% unrecorded (494)

** Examining Multi-Agency Responses to Children and Young People who sexually offend. Joint Inspection by MI Probation, Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales, Care Quality Commission, Estyn, Healthcare Inspectorate Wales, HMI Constabulary, HMI Prisons and Ofsted. February 2013.

The NSPCC delivers a treatment service for young people from five to 18 years old with harmful sexual behaviour. The treatment is carried out across nine UK service centres, and aims to provide therapeutic support to young people. This allows them to understand healthy relationships, and how to regulate their behaviour to reduce the risk of repeat sexual offences by addressing underlying behaviour.

***Read about our programme 'Treating young people with harmful sexual behaviour'

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