Free to move, invisible to care Coordination and accountability towards Romanian unaccompanied minors’ safety
This report has been published as part of our Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC)'s work on Project ICARUS. The project aims to help UK and Romanian social workers, police and border officials to work together and share knowledge and information to ensure that vulnerable children from Romania are identified, that assessments and investigations are carried out and appropriate safeguarding plans made.
The report combines learning from Project ICARUS with CTAC's experience of child trafficking cases to identify current gaps and challenges in the systems, processes and tools used to identify and protect children moved across borders. The report includes CTAC's own International Multi Agency Framework (IMAAF), a tool designed to prompt professionals to consider the issues facing children who have been trafficked or moved across borders.
Authors: Beth Hurley, Mandy John-Baptiste and Swati Pande
- Globalisation has led to the increasing movement of children and families across borders. Safeguarding children in the modern world requires inter-agency and international cooperation.
- The key to safeguarding children being moved across borders, especially where there are concerns for trafficking, is correct identification and good multi-agency working within and across borders.
- This is currently hindered by a lack of cohesion in UK guidance and legislation.
- CTAC's International Multi Agency Framework (IMAAF) attempts to address these problems by prompting professionals to consider the wider issues that may impact on children who have moved across borders. The framework focuses on working together with agencies within and across borders in establishing, assessing and investigating a child's situation.
|Free to move, invisble to care||15|
|2. Migration and its impact on children being moved||21|
|3. Romanian children in the UK and vulnerabilities of Roma children||25|
|4. Identification and protection systems in the UK||29|
|5. Safeguarding foreign national children||47|
|6. International Multi Agency Assessment Framework||57|
|7. Conclusion and recommendations||73|
|Glossary and definitions||75|
Please cite as: Hurley, B., John-Baptiste, M. and Pande, S. (2015) Free to move, invisible to care: coordination and accountability towards Romanian unaccompanied minors’ safety. NSPCC: London.
Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC)
Services for children, families and professionals
Child abuse and neglect
Our Current Awareness Service for Practice, Policy And Research delivers free weekly email alerts to keep you up-to-date with all the latest safeguarding and child protection news.
Support our research
Research like this helps keep children safe from abuse – but we can’t do it without our generous supporters.
Follow us on Twitter and keep up-to-date with all the latest news in child protection.
We hold the UK's largest collection of child protection resources and the only UK database specialising in published material on child protection, child abuse and child neglect.
New in the Library
A free weekly email listing all of the new child protection publications added to our library collection.
Helping you keep children safe
Read our guide for professionals on what we do and the ways we can work with you to protect children and prevent abuse and neglect.
Impact and evidence hub
Find out how we evaluate and research the impact we’re making in protecting children, get tips and tools for researchers and access resources.
Get expert training and consultancy
Sharing knowledge to keep children safe
Read our guide to NSPCC Knowledge and Information Services to find out how we can help you with child protection queries, support your research, and help you learn and develop.