Free to move, invisible to care Coordination and accountability towards Romanian unaccompanied minors’ safety

Boy in gardenThis report has been published as part of our Child Trafficking Advice Centre (CTAC)'s work on Project ICARUS. The project aims to help UK and Romanian social workers, police and border officials to work together and share knowledge and information to ensure that vulnerable children from Romania are identified, that assessments and investigations are carried out and appropriate safeguarding plans made.

The report combines learning from Project ICARUS with CTAC's experience of child trafficking cases to identify current gaps and challenges in the systems, processes and tools used to identify and protect children moved across borders. The report includes CTAC's own International Multi Agency Framework (IMAAF), a tool designed to prompt professionals to consider the issues facing children who have been trafficked or moved across borders.

Authors: Beth Hurley, Mandy John-Baptiste and Swati Pande
Published: 2015

  • Globalisation has led to the increasing movement of children and families across borders. Safeguarding children in the modern world requires inter-agency and international cooperation.
  • The key to safeguarding children being moved across borders, especially where there are concerns for trafficking, is correct identification and good multi-agency working within and across borders.
  • This is currently hindered by a lack of cohesion in UK guidance and legislation.
  • CTAC's International Multi Agency Framework (IMAAF) attempts to address these problems by prompting professionals to consider the wider issues that may impact on children who have moved across borders. The framework focuses on working together with agencies within and across borders in establishing, assessing and investigating a child's situation.
Foreword 7
Acknowledgements 9
Executive summary 11
Free to move, invisble to care 15
1. Introduction 17
2. Migration and its impact on children being moved 21
3. Romanian children in the UK and vulnerabilities of Roma children 25
4. Identification and protection systems in the UK 29
5. Safeguarding foreign national children 47
6. International Multi Agency Assessment Framework 57
7. Conclusion and recommendations 73
Glossary and definitions 75
References 78

Please cite as: Hurley, B., John-Baptiste, M. and Pande, S. (2015) Free to move, invisible to care: coordination and accountability towards Romanian unaccompanied minors’ safety. NSPCC: London.

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