Female genital mutilation (FGM) Facts and statistics
We don’t know how many girls and women are affected by, or at risk of, female genital mutilation (FGM) in the UK. However, we can look at what we know about FGM in other countries and use it to estimate the scale of the problem here.
There are an estimatedaffected by FGM in England and Wales
Explanation: Research by City University estimated that 103,000 women aged 15-49 with FGM, born in countries in which it is practised, were living in England and Wales in 2011.
In addition there were an estimated 24,000 women aged 50 and over with FGM born in FGM practising countries and nearly 10,000 girls aged 0-14 born in FGM practising countries who have undergone or are likely to undergo FGM.
Approximately 60,000 girls aged 0-14 were born in England and Wales to mothers who had undergone FGM.
We have responded tosince June 2013. of these contacts have resulted in a
Explanation: The NSPCC launched its dedicated FGM helpline in June 2013 for anyone with concerns about FGM. People can contact the helpline by phone on 0800 028 3550 or by email.
From 24 June 2013 to 31 January 2017 we received 1,564 contacts to the NSPCC Helpline on FGM. 35% of these contacts resulted in a referral to external agencies.
Since July 2015, 205to safeguard girls from female genital mutilation
Explanation: Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders (FGMPOs) came into effect on 17 July 2015. They are intended to safeguard girls who are at risk of FGM at home or abroad, or who have experienced FGM.
Between 17 July 2015 and the end of December 2017 there have been 222 applications and 205 FGMPOs made.
The age at which FGM is carried out varies. It may be carried out when a girl is
Explanation: The age at which FGM is carried out varies enormously according to the community.
were identified as having, or were having treatment for, FGM in England in 2015/16
Explanation: 123 NHS trusts and 74 GP practices submitted one or more FGM attendance record to the Health and Social Care Information Centre. There were 5,391 newly recorded cases of FGM reported. This will include those identified as having FGM and those having treatment for their FGM. These women and girls are newly recorded in the FGM Enhanced Dataset, which began collecting on 1 April 2015, but may have been previously identified by the health provider as having FGM. 139 girls under 18 at the time of their first attendance were reported, comprising 3 per cent of all newly recorded cases.
More about FGM
What is FGM
Find out more about female genital mutilation (FGM) and how it happens.
Signs, indicators and effects
Find out more about the signs, indicators and effects of female genital mutilation (FGM).
Who is affected by FGM
Female genital mutilation (FGM) can happen at any age before getting married or having a baby. Some girls are babies when FGM is carried out.
Prevent and protect
How to help keep children safe from female genital mutilation (FGM).
Legislation, policy and guidance
Legislation, policy and guidance about female genital mutilation (FGM).
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