The Underwear Rule – resources for schools and teachers How to talk PANTS in the classroom

Download our free resources for the Underwear Rule – including a lesson plan, slide presentation, curriculum links, classroom activities and more. 

Teaching resources

Lesson plan

Everything you need for an hour-long lesson to teach children about the Underwear Rule and help to keep them safe.

Download the plan

Teaching guidance

How to use our resources when teaching children the Underwear Rule, a template letter to parents and what to do if you suspect abuse.

Download the guide

PANTS presentation

Use our PDF slide presentation to teach the Underwear Rule in a visually memorable way.

Download the slides

The Underwear Rule leaflet

Help carry the message of PANTS beyond the classroom: download our leaflet for students to save or print out.

Download the leaflet

Our materials are accredited

Our Underwear Rule resources and materials have been awarded the Quality Mark by the PSHE Association.

Curriculum links

The Underwear Rule supports the statutory framework for the Early Years foundation stage.

Personal, social and emotional development

Pupils learn:

  • to talk about their own and others' behaviour, its consequences, and to know that some behaviour is unacceptable

Making relationships

Pupils learn:

  • to form positive relationships with adults and others


There is no statutory framework for PSHE at Key Stage 1, but the National Curriculum framework states that schools need to make provision for the subject.

PSHE core theme 1: Health and Wellbeing

Pupils learn:

  • ways of keeping physically and emotionally safe
  • how to make informed choices about health and wellbeing and to recognise sources of help with this

PSHE core theme 2: Relationships

Pupils learn:

  • how to recognise risky or negative relationships including all forms of bullying and abuse
  • how to respond to risky or negative relationships and ask for help


Find out more about the PSHE curriculum.

Personal Development and Mutual Understanding (PDMU)

Personal Development and Mutual Understanding is one of the statutory elements of the curriculum in Northern Ireland. This is organised into different themes, one of which is 'Safety'. Pupils should be enabled to explore strategies and skills for how to keep safe in familiar and unfamiliar environments.

Foundation Stage: Theme 4a Safety – Strand One: Personal Understanding and Health

Pupils learn:

  • to explore appropriate personal safety strategies
  • to explore feelings associated with being safe/not safe.
  • to identify simple strategies for keeping safe e.g. say 'no', get help
  • to identify people who help to keep us safe throughout the day
  • to identify situations that are safe and those where personal safety may be at risk

Key stage 1: Theme 4a Safety – Strand One: Personal Understanding and Health

Pupils learn:

  • what to do or whom to seek help from when feeling unsafe
  • to develop simple safety rules and strategies to protect themselves from potentially dangerous situations

Key stage 2: Theme 4a Safety – Strand One: Personal Understanding and Health

Pupils learn:

  • to develop strategies to resist unwanted peer/sibling pressure and behaviour
  • to become aware of the potential danger of relationships with strangers or acquaintances, including good and bad touches


Find out more about the PDMU curriculum (PDF).

Health and Wellbeing

Health and Wellbeing is part of the Curriculum for Excellence (CfE) in Scotland. CfE is a framework and its implementation is decided by local authorities and/or individual schools.

Pupils learn:

  • to understand positive things about friendships and relationships, and who they can talk to if they are worried or upset
  • to develop their understanding of the human body, using this knowledge to maintain and improve their wellbeing and health


Find out more about the Health and Wellbeing curriculum.

Health and Emotional Wellbeing

Health and Emotional Wellbeing is a feature of Personal and Social Education at Key Stage 2. PSE is part of the basic curriculum in Wales for 7-16 year olds.

Pupils learn:

  • the importance of personal safety
  • how to distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate touching
  • what to do or to whom to go when feeling unsafe


Find out more about the PSE curriculum.

Books to read with your class

Here are some books you can read with your class that tie in to what they'll learn with the Underwear Rule, as well as other sensitive subjects.

Cover of 'Some parts are not for sharing'Some parts are not for sharing.
By Julie Le Frederico
Friendly fish and underwater scenes are used to give a simple message about private body parts and safe touch. Encourages children to tell an adult if someone asks or tries to touch them in a "private area".

Cover of 'Your body belongs to you'Your body belongs to you.
By Cornelia Spelman
Teaches children that their body is their own. Explains that it is alright to decline a friendly hug or kiss, even from someone they love and that 'even if you don't want a hug or kiss right now, you can still be friends.' Defines private parts and stresses the importance of telling a trusted adult if someone tries to touch them. Provides notes for adults.

Cover of 'I said no!''I said no!: a kid-to-kid guide to keeping private parts private.
By Zach King and Kimberly King
Explains what private body parts are, good and bad touching, scenarios of what someone may say, what to do if you feel uncomfortable, who trusted adults are and what to do if no one listens or believes you. Includes advice on reading the book with children.

Cover of 'The right touch'The right touch: a read-aloud story to help prevent child sexual abuse.
By Sandy Kleven
Jimmy's mum explains the difference between good touches and touches that are uncomfortable, secret or forced. She tells him how to resist inappropriate touching and explains that abuse is not a child's fault. Provides advice on what to do if a child tells you about an abusive situation.

For more books, search our library catalogue.

Cover of 'No trespassing: this is my body'No trespassing: this is my body.
By Pattie Fitzgerald
Older sister Katie and younger brother Kyle learn about personal safety, private parts, and good and bad touches. Includes a guide for parents with prevention tips for recognising possible signs of child abuse.

Cover of 'An exceptional children's guide to touch'An exceptional children's guide to touch: teaching social and physical boundaries to kids.
By Hunter Manasco and Katharine Manasco
Illustrated booked aimed at children with special needs. Six stories explain: friendly touch; accidental touch; hurtful touch; self-touching; what to do if touch feels inappropriate; and, issues surrounding the use of cameras and recording devices. Includes information for adults on keeping children with special needs safe.

Cover of 'It's my body'It's my body: a book to teach young children how to resist uncomfortable touch
By Lory Freeman
Gives examples of different types of touches to help children to recognise and resist uncomfortable touch. Covers touches that are: nice, acceptable but unwelcome, unpleasant but necessary (for example from doctors) and unacceptable. Stresses a child's right to protect their body.

For more books, search our library catalogue.

Cover of 'Child abuse (Issues Today Series)'Child abuse (Issues Today Series, Vol. 28)
By Christina Hughes (ed.)
This textbook-style booklet provides an introduction to the topic of child abuse. It discusses what child abuse is, UK statistics, stranger danger, child marriage, peer-to-peer abuse, sexual abuse, internet safety and the child protection system. Includes case studies and a selection of assignments to aid exploration of the ideas, facts and opinions presented in the resource. Quotes information sources including newspaper articles, magazines, government reports and statistics and surveys.

Cover of 'Banish your self-esteem thief'Banish your self-esteem thief: a cognitive behavioural therapy workbook on building self-esteem for young people
By Kate Collins-Donnelly
Workbook for children, 10-years and older, to use on their own or with a parent, carer or practitioner. Uses cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and mindfulness techniques to help children and young people to understand the causes and impact of low self-esteem and to build positive self-esteem. Includes activities, real-life stories, a self-esteem quiz and information for parents and professionals on how to support children and young people using the book.

Zipit iconZipit.
By Childline
Mobile phone app to help teenagers deal with the pressures of sexting. Includes advice, tips for safe chat and funny images that young people can use to divert sexual conversations that are making them uncomfortable.

Safe hands: keeping safe: ages 12-16
By Moira Anderson Foundation and Sandra Brown
Booklet on the importance of being aware of online and mobile phone abuse, of identifying five people they would feel able to talk to about any problem and of thinking about what they would do if they find themselves in an uncomfortable situation.

For more books, search our library catalogue.

Keeping myself safe: personal safety for young people aged 4-9 / aged 10-14 / teenagers.
By Learning Curve Education
Three separate resources of short films, pupil's materials and teacher's guides for educating young people about personal safety. Each age group has a series of animated scenarios on different types of personal safety and accompanying activities encourage young people to reflect on key messages and strategies for keeping themselves safe in real life situations.

Cover of 'Protective behaviours'Protective behaviours: activities for teaching protective behaviours in schools.
By Jodie Bodsworth, Anna Carter and Simon Sneath
Lesson plans and activity suggestions for use in schools to help young people make safe choice, stand up to bullying and deal with difficult emotions. The activities can be adapted to be used with a variety of age groups. Includes photocopiable appendicies.

Stay OK.
By Barnardo's
A short animated film on DVD aimed at pre-school and primary school children to raise awareness and develop safety strategies to help children keep their bodies safe and distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate touching. The film was developed and produced with the help of children at Barnardo's Polepark Family Service in Dundee, some who themselves have survived sexual abuse.

Cover of 'Developing personal safety skills in children with disabilities'Developing personal safety skills in children with disabilities.
By Freda Briggs
A guide for teaching safety skills to children with disabilities. Presents 6 modules with exercises for developing safety skills, covering: self-esteem and assertiveness skills; coping with hazards; touch; and emotions. Includes suggestions for developing a personal safety curriculum for children with disabilities.

For more books, search our library catalogue.

Reaching out to all students

Help for parents or children with learning difficulties

We want every parent or carer to be able to teach their child the Underwear Rule, and have created a number of guides to help with this.

If you are aware of any parents in your school community who would benefit from specialised materials, please share the relevant Underwear Guide:

Watch: the Underwear Rule for deaf children

Recorded with British Sign Language and subtitles, this video aims to teach deaf children about the Underwear Rule and encourages them to share secrets that upset them with a trusted adult.

More information

Sexual abuse

A child is sexually abused when they are forced or persuaded to take part in sexual activities. This doesn't have to be physical contact, and it can happen online.
Read more about sexual abuse

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