Female genital mutilation (FGM) Who is affected
Girls living in communities that practise FGM are most at risk. Data on FGM is only collected in 27 countries in Africa and also in Yemen (WHO, 2012), but we know FGM is practiced in up to 42 African countries in the Middle East and in Asia (House of Commons International Development Committee, 2013).
FGM can happen in the UK or abroad.
In the UK, the Home Office has identified girls from the Somali, Kenyan, Ethiopian, Sudanese, Sierra Leonean, Egyptian, Nigerian, Eritrean, Yemeni, Kurdish and Indonesian communities at most risk of FGM (2016).
FGM in the UK
FGM can happen anywhere in the UK. However there are large populations of practising communities in:
- Milton Keynes
Girls are more at risk if FGM has been carried out on their mother, sister or a member of their extended family (HM Government, 2011).
Help and advice for professionals
We hold the UK's largest collection of child protection resources and the only UK database specialising in published material on child protection, child abuse and child neglect.
HM Government (2016) Multi-agency statutory guidance on female genital mutilation (PDF). [London]: Home Office.
House of Commons International Development Committee (2013) Violence against women and girls: second report of session 2013-14 (PDF). London: The Stationery Office.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2012) Female genital mutilation (PDF). Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO).