Female genital mutilation (FGM) Who is affected
Girls living in communities that practise FGM are most at risk.
Data on FGM is only collected in 27 countries in Africa and also in Yemen (WHO, 2012), but we know FGM is practiced in up to 42 African countries in the Middle East and in Asia (House of Commons International Development Committee, 2013).
FGM can happen in the UK or abroad.
In the UK, the Home Office has identified girls from the Somali, Kenyan, Ethiopian, Sudanese, Sierra Leonean, Egyptian, Nigerian, Eritrean, Yemeni, Kurdish and Indonesian communities at most risk of FGM (HM Government, 2016).
Girls are also at risk if FGM has been carried out on their mother, sister or a member of their extended family (HM Government, 2016).
The age at which FGM is carried out varies. It may be carried out when a girl is
Explanation: The age at which FGM is carried out varies enormously according to the community.
More about FGM
Signs, symptoms and effects
Find out more about the signs, symptoms and effects of female genital mutilation (FGM).
Prevent and protect
How to help keep children safe from female genital mutilation (FGM).
Legislation, policy and guidance
Legislation, policy and guidance about female genital mutilation (FGM).
Facts and statistics
Facts and statistics about female genital mutilation (FGM).
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HM Government (2016) Multi-agency statutory guidance on female genital mutilation (PDF). [London]: Home Office.
House of Commons International Development Committee (2013) Violence against women and girls: second report of session 2013-14 (PDF). London: The Stationery Office.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2012) Female genital mutilation (PDF). Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO).